Ramadan Day 20: Tafsir Surah al Qadr

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

1.Innaa anzalnahu fii lailatil qadr.

2.Wa maa adrooka maa lailatul qadr

3.Lailatul qadri khairummin alfi syahr.

4.tanazzalul malaa’ikatu warruuhu fiihaa bi iznirabbihim minkulli amr

5.saaalamun hiya hatta mathla’il fajr

Interpretation of the meaning:
1. “Verily, We have sent it down in the Night of Al-Qadr.

2. And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is

3. The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months.

4. Therein descend the angels and the Ruh by their Lord’s permission with every matter.

5. There is peace until the appearance of dawn.”

Here is an extract from the Tafsir of Ibn Kathir.

The Virtues of the Night of Al-Qadr (the Decree)

Allah سبحانه وتعالى informs that He sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Al-Qadr, and it is a blessed night about which Allah سبحانه وتعالى says:

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ

“We sent it down on a blessed night.” [TMQ 44:3]

This is the Night of Al-Qadr and it occurs during the month of Ramadan. This is as Allah سبحانه وتعالى says:

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ

“The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an.” [TMQ 2:185]

Ibn `Abbas and others have said, “Allah sent the Qur’an down all at one time from the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz) to the House of Might (Baytul-`Izzah), which is in the heaven of this world. Then it came down in parts to the Messenger of Allah based upon the incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years.”

Then Allah سبحانه وتعالى magnified the status of the Night of Al-Qadr, which He chose for the revelation of the Mighty Qur’an, by His سبحانه وتعالى saying:

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ

لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ

“And what will make you know what the Night of Al-Qadr is. The Night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months.”

Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Hurayrah: “When Ramadan would come, the Messenger of Allah would say: ‘Verily, the month of Ramadan has come to you all. It is a blessed month, which Allah has obligated you all to fast. During it the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are shackled. In it there is a night that is better than one thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good, then he has truly been deprived.’”

An-Nasa’i recorded this same Hadith. Aside from the fact that worship during the Night of Al-Qadr is equivalent to worship performed for a period of one thousand months, it is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم said: “Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Night of Al-Qadr with faith and expecting reward (from Allah), he will be forgiven for his previous sins.”

The Descent of the Angels and the Decree for Every Good during the Night of Al-Qadr

Allah سبحانه وتعالى says:

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

“Therein descend the angels and the Ruh by their Lord’s permission with every matter.”

This means the angels descend in abundance during the Night of Al-Qadr due to its abundant blessings. The angels descend with the descending of blessings and mercy, just as they descend when the Qur’an is recited, they surround the circles of Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and they lower their wings with true respect for the student of knowledge.

In reference to Ar-Ruh, it is said that here it means the angel Jibril. Therefore, the wording of the Ayah is a method of adding the name of the distinct object (in this case Jibril) separate from the general group (in this case the angels).

Concerning Allah’s سبحانه وتعالى statement,

مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

“with every matter.”

Mujahid said, “Peace concerning every matter.”

Sa`id bin Mansur said, `Isa bin Yunus told us that Al-A`mash narrated to them that Mujahid said concerning Allah’s سبحانه وتعالى statement:

سَلَامٌ هِيَ

“There is peace.”

“It is security in which Shaytan cannot do any evil or any harm.”

Qatadah and others have said, “The matters are determined during it, and the times of death and provisions are measured out (i.e., decided) during it.”

Allah سبحانه وتعالى says,

فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ
“Therein is decreed every matter of decree.” [TMQ 44:4]

Then Allah سبحانه وتعالى says,

سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ

“There is peace until the appearance of dawn.”

Sa`id bin Mansur said: Hushaym narrated to us on the authority of Abu Ishaq, who narrated that Ash-Sha`bi said concerning Allah’s سبحانه وتعالى statement:

سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

“With every matter, there is a peace until the appearance of dawn.”

“The angels giving the greetings of peace during the Night of Al-Qadr to the people in the Masjids until the coming of Fajr (dawn).”

Qatadah and Ibn Zayd both said concerning Allah’s سبحانه وتعالى statement,

سَلَامٌ هِيَ

“There is peace.”

“This means all of it is good and there is no evil in it until the coming of Fajr (dawn).”

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Jazaakumullaahu khayraan

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